SEPTEMBER THEME: INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY
The term, ‘intellectual disability’, refers to a condition in which a person has certain limitations in intellectual functions like communicating, taking care of him- or herself, and has impaired social skills. These limitations cause a child to develop more slowly than other children intellectually. These children may take longer to walk, talk, and take care of themselves than the typical, unimpaired, child. It’s probable that children with intellectual disabilities will have difficulty learning in school too.
They do learn; it just takes them longer.
Even so, certain things will likely prove impossible for some of these children to learn.
Experts define intellectual disability as:
“…significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.”
Intellectual Disability in Children
What does an intellectual disability look like in children? Intellectual disabilities manifest in a variety of ways. For instance, intellectually impaired children may:
- Sit up, crawl, or walk later
- Talk later
- Have trouble remembering
- Have difficulty with social rules
- Have difficulty understanding consequences of actions
- Have trouble solving problems and thinking logically
Kids with intellectual disabilities may have impairments in:
- Abstract thought
- Academic judgment
- Experiential learning
Mental health professionals measure these skills through IQ testing and applying clinical judgment to interpret IQ, rather than relying solely on IQ scores for assessing level of impairment. IQ tests used to measure these intellectual abilities must be standardized and given by a professional certified in IQ testing.
If you suspect that your child has an intellectual developmental disorder, consult a mental health professional and speak candidly about your concerns. Many of these children lead full and happy lives when they receive the proper care and help
Need more information or help on intellectual disabilities? Call us on 0708 892 5251
Or Visit us @ 15, Isaac Aloko Street, Igbo-Efon, Lekki.